The Kurdish writer identifies the main differences between the July 19 revolution; 21st century Kurdish uprisings – ANHA | HAWARNEWS

Revolution as a political term is about departing from the status quo and changing it impulsively, driven by dissatisfaction, striving for the best, or even anger. The Greek philosopher Aristotle described two forms of revolutions in political contexts: “Complete change from one constitution to another…revolution has lexical definitions, encapsulated in two definitions and two concepts, the old traditional definition developed at the beginning of the first spark of the French Revolution. , namely the popular leadership of elites and intellectuals to change the regime by force. Marxists developed this concept by introducing educated elites and personalities into the working class ruling class which he called the proletariat The contemporary and more modern definition or understanding is the change which the people make through their tools as “armed forces” or through historical figures to achieve their aspirations, to change the system of government incapable of meet these aspirations, and to implement a program of extr ordinary.

The revolutionary or popular concept is to rise up against an unjust regime. The people’s revolution, such as the French Revolution of 1789, the Eastern European Revolution of 1989, and the Ukrainian Revolution, known as the Orange Revolution of November 2004, may be an example of this.

When we approach the Kurdish situation in the revolutions, we must research the history and go back to the uprisings that occurred, their causes and the factors that led these uprisings to die down and die out quickly before to turn a revolution.

The people of Rojava have adopted an approach to protect Syria

Madani Farho pointed out that the people of Rojava have taken the first step to change society, and the revolution in Rojava has adopted the approach of achieving a democratic Syria and a free Syria, that is, change Syrian nature culturally and socially. “When we talk about philosophy, we have to address the role of leader Abdullah Ocalan and his philosophy, who analyzed Kurdish assumptions and reality over 5,000 years, and extracted them with new thinking.”

“The ideas of the leader Ocalan whom I call Kurdish” Tarat “, as well as the basis for changing the reality in the four parts of Kurdistan, and this philosophy has also affected the intellectuals of the world and the Middle East. Today, we see that many politicians and writers adopt the ideas of the leader and see that the Rojava revolution will become the basis and the structure to solve all the problems of the Middle East.”

Farho explained that “the regime in northeastern Syria is a revolution in every sense of the word, and it must be well assessed in cultural, social and political terms as well. » July 19e The revolution, in 10 years, has been able to demonstrate to the world that it is a democratic revolution according to the concept of a democratic nation, characterized by its support on three values ​​and principles: Building a moral and political society, protecting nature and safeguarding Women’s rights. with these three values, this revolution was launched, which distinguished it from the rest of the revolutions”.

Madani Farho noted: “What distinguishes the Rojava revolution from the rest of the revolutions, which adopted Ocalan’s ideology, including all its components, is that the apparent situation in the Kurdistan region appears Kurdish, but they don’t have all the segments together, they only think of serving their own interests. That belongs to the authority in place there, if the people of Southern Kurdistan had not risen in 1992, it could not have received the verdict.”

What distinguishes Rojava Revolution

Madani Farho spoke about the benefits of the Rojava Revolution saying, “The Rojava Revolution (July 19 Revolution) is a very different revolution, different from the Mahabad Revolution; because the revolution of Mahabad could not protect the revolution, but the revolution of Rojava protects its acquisitions, it is the first revolution in the history of Kurdistan, based on the resistance of the people, In its philosophy, it has benefited from socialism and Marxism, and has made progressive progress in the critique of socialism, It emphasizes the participation of all segments of the people in decision-making and administration and the exercise of their role in power ; thanks to the philosophy of Chief Abdullah Ocalan, the people were able to hold their ground, reach this stage and lead a decent life. »

The arrival of leader Abdullah Ocalan in Rojava marked a paradigm shift in the history of the Kurdish people’s struggle. For 20 years, he met most national, cultural, political and social personalities, sowing the seeds of struggle and revolution in most Kurds and even in other components, mainly the Arab component.