From a lost city to a 100,000 year old mammoth tusk to a fish with a light bulb on its head, these discoveries will terrify and amaze you!
SScientists, with the help of deep sea divers, have discovered shocking and mind-blowing creatures and objects at the bottom of oceans around the world.
Researchers have discovered a 185 Columbian mammoth tusk off the coast of California. Scientists believe the tusk, which was found at a depth of around 10,000 feet, is well more than 100,000 years old. In 2019, Haddock and submersible pilot Randy Prickett, also with the MBARI, were scanning the deep ocean off California using a remote-operated vehicle when they came across a strange object: a 3-foot tube. long that strangely resembled a tusk. The couple tried to retrieve the object, but at first they were only able to obtain a small piece which broke off from the point. From this fragment, the researchers discovered that the object was a female mammoth tusk.
“We were just flying and I look down and see it and say ‘it’s a tusk,'” said Randy Prickett, senior ROV pilot at the institute. Not everyone believed him at first, but Mr. Prickett managed to convince his colleagues to take a closer look. “I said ‘if we don’t get this now, you’ll be sorry.
Two years later, Haddock and Prickett returned to the site with a full team of paleontologists and genomics experts. This time, using the ROV’s robotic arm, they recovered the entire tusk, which was covered in a thick black crust of naturally deposited iron-manganese. Scientists were able to recover DNA from the inner tusk tissue. The team determined the mammoth’s species, sex, age at death, and even its geographic range during its lifetime. The results of the discoveries are not yet published.
A deep-sea fish with a light bulb on its head has mysteriously washed up on the shore in California. The Nightmarish Fish is rarely seen outside of the deep ocean. Exactly how the fish got there is a mystery. Also, seeing such a rare species intact is very rare because scientists still don’t know how the monkfish ended up on the beach.
Researchers say the fish typically live thousands of feet deep in the Pacific Ocean and there are only about 30 monkfish like this in museums and fish collections around the world. Their most distinctive feature, carried only by females, is a piece of backbone that protrudes above their mouth like a fishing rod – hence their name. Featuring a glowing flesh lure, this built-in rod lures prey close enough to snatch. The anglerfish uses a bright lure to bring its prey within range of its sharp teeth. Their mouths are so large and their bodies so flexible that they can swallow prey up to twice their size.
One of Australia’s most remarkable natural gifts, the Great Barrier Reef is blessed with the breathtaking beauty of the largest coral reef in the world. The reef contains an abundance of marine life and includes over 3000 individual reef systems and coral cays and literally hundreds of scenic tropical islands with some of the most beautiful sunny golden beaches in the world. It is larger than the Great Wall of China and the only living thing on earth visible from space. However, scientists have found that all types of coral have suffered declines in the world’s largest reef system. The biggest drops came after the mass bleaching events in 2016 and 2017. Other mass bleachings have taken place this year. They found that populations had fallen by more than 50% in all sizes and species of corals, but especially in branching and tablet-shaped corals. A 2019 study found that damaged coral colonies struggled to regenerate because most adult corals died.
“A vibrant coral population has millions of small baby corals, as well as many large ones,” said lead author Dr. Andy Dietzel.
Stretching for 2,300 km, the reef was designated a World Heritage Site in 1981 for its “enormous scientific and intrinsic importance”. But over the past decade in particular, it has been significantly damaged by warmer seas that have killed off coral, dispersed other sea life and accelerated the growth of algae and other contaminants. Dead corals are being recorded during aerial surveys across the Great Barrier Reef in what the marine park’s chief scientist says is a widespread and severe bleaching event on the World Heritage icon. Back-to-back bleaching episodes are expected to become more frequent as the climate warms, but it’s happening earlier than expected in Australia, a worrying sign that the vast majority of the world’s coral reefs are at risk of disappearing.
Siphonophores are an order of marine animals, the same phylum containing jellyfish i.e. cnidarians. About 200 species of siphonophores are known to mankind. They superficially resemble jellyfish but are actually a colony of genetically identical zooids. Giant Siphonophores are a collection of highly specialized work pieces. Some parts catch prey, some digest food, some parts reproduce, and some direct the action by swimming. This siphonophore is bioluminescent and creates its own light when it bumps into something, its stem glows with brilliant blue light. They are fragile creatures made up of individual, specialized parts connected to each other by a chain. Some parts pulse and direct the colony, others stun and ingest prey. Siphonophores thrive in mid-water where there are no sharp surfaces to damage their delicate bodies.
Much of the ancient world was either destroyed by mankind or buried by nature. Within the walls built by ancient civilizations are the missing pieces of ancient history that we need to solve the puzzle of our evolution as humans. The ancient city of Heraklion was considered the greatest legend in the world, until archaeologist Franck Goddio and his team began searching for this lost city in 1996 and discovered its remains. Archaeologist Franck Goddio believes that the ground beneath the city has been affected by many natural disasters such as earthquakes which collapsed the ground, sinking the city over time. The late rise in water levels due to climate change has also affected the city by plunging it even deeper under water, making it harder to find. It had taken many years for the city to completely submerge in water. Experts believe it reached bottom about 1,500 years ago.
Among the expedition’s finds are colossal statues of the Egyptian goddess Isis, the god Hapi and an unidentified Egyptian pharaoh, all preserved in immaculate condition by their muddy burial shrouds. In addition to these 16-foot statues, there are hundreds of smaller statues of Egyptian gods and figures that guarded the temple where Cleopatra was inaugurated as Queen of the Nile. Such extraordinary discoveries restore our faith in human capacities aided by science to bring to life historical masterpieces of all time.